This article basically describes the situation of the southern, "Greek" part of Nicosia. Information about the northern "Turkish" part can be found in the article Nicosia/northern part.
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Nicosia is the last two-divided capital in the world. It is located in the center of the island of Cyprus and is the capital of the independent Republic of Cyprus, its northern part (tr. Lefkoşa) is the capital of the internationally unrecognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Although it was very difficult to cross the border a few years ago, today it is relatively easy to switch between the "Greek" (mainly Greek) southern part and the "Turkish" (mainly Turkish) northern part of the city. All you need is the entry document (passport, identity card) which was presented to the border authorities when entering the island of Cyprus.
Nicosia (Gr. Lefkosia) is divided like the island. In the center of the city is Old Nicosia (walled city), bordered by a city wall that is essentially a regular twelve-fold. The old town is crossed by the border crossing, the buffer zone (UN-administered zone), which is often only a few meters wide in the narrow streets. For pedestrians there are two crossings in Nicosia. One is located in the old town on the pedestrian street , the other approximately 500 meters northwest of Old Nicosia on the former Ledra Street . The other north-south routes are blocked by blockades guarded by soldiers on both sides. Ledra Palace
In the north you can spend between 30 and 90 days (according to the temple). Goods with a maximum value of 260 € may be brought back to the south. The carriage of alcohol is limited to 1 liter and for cigarettes to 40, although real controls are rare for obvious tourists.
Nicosia airport has been closed since 1974. The closest airport is Larnaca, 30 miles south-east. From there, you can easily get to Nicosia by motorway.
The northern part of the city is accessible via Ercan airport, some 6 mi east.
The other major cities in the Greek part (Paphos, Limassol, Larnaca) are overland buses to Nicosia. These are green and are named Intercity Bus (www.intercity-buses.com). Tickets can be obtained directly from the driver. A return ticket is cheaper than two separate journeys.
On the street
From the south, you can reach Nicosia in about 45 minutes by motorway from Larnaca and about 1 hour from Limassol. The new highway B9 leads southwest to the Troodos mountains with the highest mountain on the island, the Olymp, and then continues as B8 to Limassol. In the northern Turkish part of the island, highways from Nicosia lead north towards Kyrenia/Girne, east towards Famagusta/Gazimagusa and west towards Morphou/Güzelyurt.
By boat you can only reach the port of Limassol. From there, it takes about 40 minutes by car/taxi.
The municipal office of South Nicosia is quite hidden in a side street of Ledra Street. suspended between souvenir shops.
The sights of Nicosia are within walking distance. Otherwise, you can use the OSEL urban bus system or take a taxi ride. The in the Greek part is the Solomos square. central change point
Many Greek Orthodox churches are closed from 12.00 to 16.00.
- : A white marble bust of Makarios III. St John's Cathedral
- Agios Savvas
- at the St. John's Cathedral. Bishop's Palace with statue of Makarios III,
- There are many monuments. However, most of the time they show heroes of the EOKA from the wars of independence and civil war, and they are not of interest to tourists. It is worth mentioning because of its size , it's on the podcataro bastion monument
- Leventio Museum) (Leventio Museum), Hippocratous, Nicosia. Two adjoining buildings. Leventis City Museum (Zyrtec έ
- Ayiou Savva 3overall. A house consisting of only three rooms, which issues stamps and many old objects of the postal service. In its somewhat chaotic way, a charming jewel, not only for stamp collectors, which is worth the small detour in the city center in any case. Essentially a one-man operation of a pensioner who is also active in the local philatelist association and also sells brands. Opened: Mon-Fri 9.00-15.00, pp. 9.00-13.00. Price: free. Postmuseum,
- Care enhogie Tel: . You can see about 150 old motorcycles. Opened: from 9.00. Motorcycle Museum,
- Directly at the Cathedral of St. John.). Tel: . Byzantine Museum (
- Patriarchou Grigoriou 20. Tel: . Hadjigeorgakis Kornesios Mansion,
- . Just outside the city wall, between the bus station and House of Representatives. Focus art and archeological of the classical period. Opened: from 8.00. Museum of Cyprus (K υ Tel:
- Athalassa Park, on the southern edge of the city.
- Strovolos promenade, along the Strovolos river.
- Green Line
In the southern part of the old town there are two main shopping streets, Ledra Street and Makarios. The shops are essentially the same as those in a European city center. Small, family-run shops can be found on the side streets. Larger department stores are Marks & Spencer in Strovolos and Debenhams on Ledra Street.
If you cross the border into the northern part, you will find a series of shops, especially clothing and footwear, in the immediate vicinity. As in some places in Turkey, there is a wide range of "branded products" especially for tourists.
Large supermarkets are relatively new in Cyprus. Nicosia has three: two Alpha Mega chain stores in Strovolos and Engkomi (next to the Hilton Park) and the largest of the three, the Orphanides supermarket on the Troodos ring road in the south of the city.
The large shops are usually open on Mon-Sa 8-20. Wednesday afternoon is closed. In summer, lunch is served from 1:00pm to 4:00pm, but is open until 10:00pm.
The so-called periptero (Gr. Π are small shops with limited choice, which are open 24 hours a day in almost every corner.
- 15 Pasikratous street (Eleftherias Square). Tel: . The Byzantino restaurant is part of the hotel and Centrum Hotel,
There are three major hotels in South Nicosia:
- Makarios Ave. Hilton Cyprus,
- Leoforos Georgiou Griva Digeni Ave., just outside the city. Hilton Park,
- centrally located on the edge of the old town. Holiday Inn,
There are three major educational institutions in South Nicosia:
- Cyprus College
- Former Intercollege. University of Nicosia.
- University of Cyprus
EU citizens can start working without any problems since Cyprus joined the EU. However, job offers are not very numerous.
Nicosia is a generally very safe city. Be careful at night, near the Green Line, as well as visiting some clubs and cabarets.
Nicosia does not pose any particular health risks. If you have a sensitive stomach, you should use bottled water. The Green Line in the old town is not a good place to enter. there is a risk of collapse.
In general, the Cypriots are very friendly. They avoid taking sides too openly for either ethnic group. In the south, it was not a long time to advertise that you were in the north. But the situation has eased over the last decade.
- (Konstantinou Palaiologou. On the outskirts of the old Greek town, open easily: 9.00-15.00th Price: 2015: letter/postcard to Europe € 0.64). Post Office,
Mobile phones are very common in Cyprus. The reception is very good in Nicosia. Note that SIM cards from the south do not work in the north. German-card roaming is significantly cheaper in the Greek part of the city than in the Turkish part because of the EU-price caps. Cards are still available in the inner city area.
During the winter season, different zones apply in the northern and southern parts of Nicosia. In northern Cyprus there is no change between summer and winter time, the clocks are one hour long compared to the Eastern European (winter) time (CET+2h), while in the south there is CET+1h). If it's 12 o'clock in the south, the clocks in the north show as early as 1 o'clock. During the summer season, the same time applies throughout the city (as everywhere in Cyprus), namely East European Summer Time (i.e. (h) MESZ+1h).
Public transport in Cyprus is quite limited. There are frequent buses from the square in front of Ledra Street to the surrounding villages and towns. However, most tourists who live in Nicosia are not so well-suited, as the local connections in the morning and evening leave for Nicosia in particular.
Otherwise, there are taxis available at affordable prices. For the transfer from Nicosia to the airport, the fare is between 50 and 60 euros. During the day, if you are lucky, you can catch a taxi, but you will need a taxi to get to the airport. Car hire is the main means of transport for tourists and for someone who wants to see several cities in Cyprus.
- Nov 2015: in the Turkish part € 1,29 per minute departing, 0,69 arriving, 0,39 per SMS, in the Greek part € 0,22 per minute starting, 0,05 per minute of call arriving, 0,07 per SMS.
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